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Infant Colic

Infant Colic

The baby spends hours crying every afternoon, is restless, inconsolable, makes you want to cry with him. We tell you how to identify if it is infant colic and some tricks to soften the problem.

Surely many mothers will be recognized in the situation in which their baby spends hours crying every afternoon, restless and inconsolable, not knowing what to do to calm me down, to a point that makes me want to cry with him. What’s up? Although new-borns cry and are restless, when crying occurs at least three hours a day, for more than three days a week, it can be a disorder known as infant colic.

What is infant colic

Infant Colic Treatment

Infant colic is a benign syndrome characterized by uncontrollable or excessive crying and for no apparent reason, which often begins late in the afternoon. The baby usually stiffens, flexing the lower limbs over the abdomen. It is also associated with meteorism (intestinal gas). It usually starts around the second week of life and persists until the third or fourth month.

Luckily, a child crying every afternoon for a while does not necessarily imply suffering from colic in the infant. Often, babies are more nervous between six and twelve at night (and parents more tired), and it is accepted as normal for them to cry for up to three hours, which will decrease until one or two hours a day at three months.

A baby is considered to have infant colic when he presents: three hours of crying a day for at least three days a week, for three weeks. Keep in mind that it is a benign disorder and that it disappears spontaneously before four months of age. However, here are some possible solutions to calm you, as well as the usual symptoms of infant colic so that you know how to identify and distinguish it from other problems.

Causes of infant colic

Many possibilities are considered as causes of infant colic, but in most babies, who suffer from it, a specific cause cannot be established. Only a minority have alterations in the digestive system. These are some of its possible causes:

Gastrointestinal causes

  • Allergy to cow’s milk protein: allergy is diagnosed as a cause of colic in a very small number of infants.
  • Meteorism: during the first months of life they do not fully absorb the amount of lactose contained in the adapted formulas or in breast milk, and this causes the accumulation of large amounts of intestinal gas.
  • Intestinal hypermotility: involuntary contractions of the intestine that prevent the correct expulsion of feces.
  • Hormonal factors: where an intestinal hormone called motilin may be increased in some infants with colic.

Other causes of infant colic

  • Psychological aspects of the baby, since their temperament, makes them sensitive to normal physiological stimuli.
  • Problems of the interaction of the child with the environment.

Symptoms and diagnosis of infant colic

Colic is very common. It affects between 15 and 40% of infants and is characterized by the occurrence of episodes of intense and inconsolable crying in a healthy and well-fed child. These episodes usually start in the afternoon and last at least two to three hours.

Another symptom of infants with infant colic is that they usually present flexion of the lower limbs on the abdomen and intestinal gas. It may seem hungry but the food does not calm him When the episode ends, the baby regains tranquillity and returns to normal. Keep in mind that the baby may cry for many other causes, which present colic of the infant is an extreme case.

It is considered that an infant suffers colic when his crying is excessive, differs from the usual pattern, is prolonged in excess, or cannot be associated with a specific organic disorder.

Diagnosis of infant colic

If the infant begins with the episodes of crying, it should be evaluated by his pediatrician to perform a physical examination and rule out pathology.

The diagnosis is based on the characteristic symptoms and on the examination, which must be normal, since if they suffer colic, the babies:

  • They have a normal sucking reflex and a good appetite, are healthy and grow normally.
  • They like to be caught and hugged.
  • Your stools are normal.

Solutions for infant colic

Infant colic is a disorder of unknown origin and there are no medications or remedies that can solve it effectively, but you can follow a series of recommendations that soften the problem, never forgetting the instructions of a pediatrician in Noida.

However, if the child cries it is convenient to find out the reason, to rule out that he has any need or is uncomfortable, considering the following possibilities:

  • He may be hungry, he wants food. Check the last time he ate.
  • Do not feed the child every time he cries, you should wait two to three hours between each shot.
  • He is not hungry, but he wants to suck the mother’s pacifier or nipple.
  • He wants to be caught in his arms.
  • He’s bored, maybe he needs some encouragement.
  • He is tired and may need sleep.
  • Rocking the child in the crib or giving him a warm bath could calm his restlessness.

If the crying is persistent after trying to resolve it, it may be helpful:

  • Place the child upright or lying face down on the lap or on an electric blanket.
  • Attempts should be made to improve attacks by varying the food technique, such as the environment or belching.

Colic is not the result of poor parenting, so there should be no reason to feel guilty.

  • In children with uncontrollable crying who do not respond to any measure, with unusual bowel movements, hard stools or who put great effort in defecation, consult the child specialist in Noida about the possibility of establishing a diet without lactose.
  • Consult the paediatrician in Noida before administering any medication or making any milk changes.
  • Do not give up breastfeeding, as it is not the cause of colic.
  • If you are breast-fed, do not change the formula, unless the child has diarrhea or vomiting and is instructed by the child doctor in Noida.

Recommendations for the mother

In order to better cope with your baby’s colic, you also need to keep these tips in mind:

  • In the case of breastfeeding, it is advisable that the mother avoid drinking coffee or drinks that contain caffeine or other stimulants.
  • Take a break; If you do not rest at night, a nap is recommended.
  • Avoid fatigue and exhaustion.
  • Ask for help from family or friends; It is essential to reach difficult times with maximum energy and have support to take turns.
  • Leave home to clear the mind.

The most important thing is that parents are aware that:

  • It is a benign disorder, which will not influence the development of the baby, and that before four months of age will disappear spontaneously.
  • Do not give up breastfeeding.

Without consulting with the pediatric doctor in Noida, medications should not be used, nor should the formula be changed if the infant is breastfed.